Atlantic Shores Offshore Wind Begins Endangered Bird Study

Purple Knot
Atlantic Shores Offshore Wind, developing a opportunity wind farm off the New Jersey coastline, has committed to an endangered chook study as component of its design and functions plan to the Interior Department’s Bureau of Ocean Electrical power Administration.
Biologist Larry Niles of the New Jersey-based Wildlife Restoration Partnerships is leading a study to figure out the migratory flight pattern of the point out-endangered purple knots in the course of their south-bound migration from the Arctic Circle to points as significantly south as Tierra del Fuego at the south close of Chile.
Niles was main of the state’s Division of Fish and Wildlife Endangered and Nongame Species Application for 20 decades before retiring to type his possess enterprise, Wildlife Restoration Partnerships, doing the job with the nonprofits American Littoral Culture and Conserve Wildlife Basis of New Jersey.
He has studied the crimson knot for 10 many years. This robin-sized shorebird is a single of the world’s migratory wonders, traveling 18,000 miles spherical trip each and every calendar year involving South The usa and the Arctic tundra breeding grounds, most of it about the Atlantic Ocean. On their way north, crimson knots obtain in the thousands at Delaware River seashores in New Jersey to gas up on horseshoe crab eggs. They mysteriously time their return to coincide with the crabs’ spawning period.
But minimal is known about their return trip southward, and this partnership amid Atlantic Shores Wind, WRP, the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service and wildlife study group Normandeau Associates, it is hoped, will fill in some of the gaps.
Atlantic Shores and its companions are examining irrespective of whether pink knots would be impacted by its wind turbines.
Paul Phifer, Atlantic Shores allowing manager, reported there is no facts on offshore impacts to birds in the U.S., but knowledge from Europe where by wind turbines have been running offshore for many years exhibit there is a lower chance of collision occurrence. “The study is all about understanding the route of the pink knot to lower the danger,” he stated. Until eventually a short while ago Phifer was the assistant regional supervisor for the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Provider and led the science within the assistance to listing the crimson knot as federally threatened. “Everyone is fired up about this review,” mentioned Phifer throughout a cellular phone interview Monday. “This will permit us to have true information on how large they fly and how much offshore they fly.”
On Monday, Niles was on his way to Brigantine where he and a pick out group of volunteers would be netting about 30 purple knots and equipping them with small satellite transmitters. The transmitters weigh about 4 grams and don’t affect the birds’ flight. The transmitters are programmed to ship out spot and altitude data to satellites from 6 p.m. to midnight when most birds depart the coast to journey about the ocean on their migratory paths.
“Red knots vacation across the ocean in their slide migration and really don’t quit at the Delaware River. They begin early. We have identified that they require to get out of the U.S. coast prior to the raptor migration starts off,” claimed Niles. “In early August they start off to construct up their bodyweight to 130 to 200 grams, ingesting clams and mussels. They are like a greatly loaded airplane and fly gradual and are slow to acquire off. For a small fowl facing predation from raptors, they want to get heading.”
The analyze will split new ground by locating some of the halt-over areas wherever the birds refuel when migrating south, explained Niles. “We only know of 3 destinations in the U.S. and two are in New Jersey: Stone Harbor and Brigantine. The issue is, they have to have undisturbed beach locations, and in late August and September these places are whole of folks. The birds are pushed all-around in Stone Harbor. Brigantine closes locations to seaside automobiles via Sept. 15.”
Not all pink knots vacation as significantly as Chile. Some more than-wintertime in Florida and the Caribbean and some cease on the beach locations of Brazil, said Niles. At one time the birds that flew all the way to the idea of South The us were being the most a lot of, but that has modified as figures have declined significantly. “The South The united states flock employed to be 80 % of the inhabitants, but after the collapse (in the 1990s due to horseshoe crab harvesting) that has dwindled to 10 p.c and recovered to about 15 p.c (following the moratorium on crab harvesting in New Jersey).”
The most effective estimate of the red knot populace is 45,000 claimed Niles. But this spring was a hard a person for the birds as the chilly kept ocean and Delaware Bay temperatures under the temperatures that signal the horseshoe crabs to spawn.  “This past Might, h2o temperatures delayed the spawn and most birds, finding almost nothing to take in, ongoing south. Two-thirds of the birds did not continue to be in the bay, but 6,000 did and a 3rd of those built good excess weight. It was a dismal year,” mentioned Niles. “The horseshoe crabs came in at some point and did spawn, about the identical range as previous yr. We do not know the impression yet on purple knot figures. We’ll see this fall when the juveniles return.”
The pink knot review for Atlantic Shores will be included to the baseline experiments of the impacts to all avian species that is demanded by the Bureau of Ocean Vitality Administration. Atlantic Shores will also complete aerial digital research the place a airplane geared up with higher resolution cameras will determine species from as significantly away as 1,000 toes and also give a sense of how higher they are traveling. These scientific studies are established to start out this thirty day period and continue on over the wintertime.
Atlantic Shores will use the information to help the advancement of an offshore wind job within its lease region, located 10 to 20 miles off the New Jersey coastline.
“Building a certainly environmentally friendly long run calls for that renewable power assignments are held to a large regular in conditions of ecological effect,” said Niles in a prepared push launch from Atlantic Shores. “I’m encouraged that Atlantic Shores approached me to start this examine, equally to advise their ideas for offshore wind in New Jersey and to more our know-how of pink knot migratory styles. This is a fantastic example of how personal and public establishments can perform alongside one another to improve the life of persons and the purely natural entire world about us.”
“Proactive scientific tests like these allow us to deliver renewable strength dependent on chopping-edge, genuine-time environmental details,” said Jennifer Daniels, Atlantic Shores advancement director. “The pink knots examine is a single of the quite a few methods we intend to use data and insights from the scientific local community to responsibly acquire our lease location.”
Atlantic Shores Offshore Wind is a 50/50 partnership concerning Shell New Energies US LLC and EDF Renewables North The usa. The joint enterprise fashioned in December 2018 to co-build the 183,353-acre lease region located between Atlantic Metropolis and Barnegat Light.
— Pat Johnson

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